Below is a list of 8 churches with very unique architecture in the world.
Floating Church of Genesis
Denizen Works built a floating church on the east London canal, which has a roof that can be controlled by the church’s organ bellows. Currently moored near Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, Genesis Cathedral is a portable space that is both a church and a community hub.
Genesis was developed by Denizen Works with Turks Shipyard and naval architect Tony Tucker in response to a competition organized by the Church of London to form new congregations in the capital. The church is known for its roof that expands and takes cues from the church’s organ bellows and is designed to pull attraction.
The roof is powered by hydraulic rods and is made from translucent sailcloth lined with LED lights, intended to create a beacon that glows when extended. The roof can be easily lowered at the touch of a button, transforming the chapel into a compact and low structure that can be easily traversed through London’s narrow canal tunnels.
The outside of the boat is painted in traditional maritime tones, decorated with zigzag patterns on the corrugated iron roof. This motif continues to be used at the bottom, on the glass panels on the windows, tiled in the kitchen and on the legs of the furniture.
The main hall is designed as a gallery with neat, minimalist details, but can be converted into a space like a 3.6 meter high hall when the roof is raised. The furniture is custom-made to accommodate a variety of community activities along with the housing.
The furniture, designed by local design firm Plyco, includes plywood chairs and a foldable table that is stored beneath the deck. Its capacity ranges from 40 to 60 people. The interior of the Genesis church is completed with a flat altar designed by Denizen Works, made from leftover materials from the upper interior.
Blessed House designed by Atelier Štěpán
Design studio Atelier Štěpán built a circular church in a residence in Brno, topped with rainbow-colored glass doors. The design is dedicated to paying tribute to nurse Maria Restituta Kafka, who was born about 600 meters away from the current building.
The circular church and the adjacent triangular tower were built together with the sacred center designed by Zdeněk Bureš, not only that Atelier Štěpán also left the church material made of concrete to become a place for prayer, away from the hustle and bustle of modern life.
The walls of the church are left bare, with the only decoration being the light shining through the 80-meter rainbow stained glass windows surrounding the concrete top. As light shines through these glass doors and illuminates the concrete dome in different patterns depending on the time of day.
Apart from a small stage with a triangular door leading to the cathedral and a series of small square windows, the main auditorium is separated only by an entrance and a staircase leading to two balconies on the first floor. These curved concrete balconies provide choir seating and extra seating for the lambs.
Atelier Štěpán chose the circle for the church because the shape is a religious symbol for heaven and eternity. According to the architect, the concrete dome above the window ring represents heaven on top of the city. In the auditorium, the windows at the top of the building could not be seen, as the architect wanted to create a sense of the unknown inside the building.
Next to the church, the concrete triangular tower is also where you can enjoy a panoramic view of Brno city. From the tower, a bridge to the church leads to the gallery above the main auditorium with stained-glass windows.
CLT (laminated wood) dome church designed by Nicholas Pople
Nicolas Pople Architects created a multi-faceted wooden basilica for a church in the town of Stroud, southwest England. Built for the Christian Community of Stroud, this church is made from a combination of laminated timber panels (CLT) and structural glue laminated beams (glulam). Architect Nicolas Pople worked with engineer Corbett Tasker to create the multifaceted CLT structure, designed to evoke the feel of a contemporary gothic church.
In the main chapel, the walls and roof are made from angled sections of the CLT in an exposed structure. The architects wanted to create a space with interesting geometries, but clear lines and without detracting from the ongoing Christian Community activities.
The design team chose to build the structure from CLT because it allowed them to redesign the arched domes of gothic churches in a modern way with sustainable materials. The structural timber walls are clad in white, while cedar shingles are used as the roof of the church.